On September 2, 2014, the Knoxville City Council approved Resolution R-303-2014 titled
A Resolution of the Council of the City of Knoxville respectfully requesting the Knoxville-Knox County Planning Commission to consider and make a recommendation to the City Council on amendments to the Zoning Code and Building Code regarding review of the demolition of residential structures built before 1865 and a demolition delay.
The purposes of the Demolition Delay ordinance are:
The National Register of Historic Places is an inventory of the buildings, sites, structures and objects that are important to understanding local, state and national history. A listing confirms the historic and architectural significance of buildings. The criteria for listing on the National Register are:
Properties that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places are not subject to any review for privately funded actions. However, a Federally licensed or funded undertaking that will impact a National Register property will be reviewed to determine if there should be mitigation to reduce any negative impacts of that action.
Listing on the National Register of Historic Places is one of the criteria for being designated as a local historic or neighborhood conservation overlay.
What is a "Historic Zoning Commission?"
A historic zoning commission is a local commission, appointed by the City or County Mayor and confirmed by City Council or County Commission. Members of the Commission have interest or experience in preservation. They are required to represent historical organizations, or have experience in architecture, engineering or law. An effort is also made to appoint one member who also serves on the Planning Commission. Historic Zoning Commissions are responsible for reviewing applications to alter, demolish or move properties within the historic overlay, for reviewing proposed new construction in historic and neighborhood conservation overlay districts, for overseeing the identification and designation of historic properties and for reviewing proposed National Register nominations.
How are historic properties identified?
Historic properties are identified through a survey in which properties over a certain age are identified, photographed and entered into a database. From that data properties that are representative of that theme are listed in the survey. Knoxville and Knox County performed a county-wide survey from 1982 to 1986 and also in 2016.
What are "historic districts" and "individual historic landmark buildings?"
Historic districts are geographically defined areas that contain a concentration of historic properties that share common historic events, architectural features, or physical development. Individual historic landmark designations are typically single buildings with very significant architecture and history.
Within the boundaries of a historic district, properties are determined to be contributing or non-contributing. Noncontributing properties are those which have been altered from their original appearance, or were not constructed within the period of significance. Proposed changes to non-contributing properties are reviewed, but with more flexibility than changes proposed for contributing properties.
What standards of review are used by the historic zoning commission?
The designation report includes design guidelines that are used by the historic zoning commissions, applicants, and Planning staff to determine if proposed changes to properties are appropriate.